Rankings by City

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In this page, you can find relevant city brand rankings and how the information is obtained and analyzed. If there are any other rankings that you feel should be included here, please feel free to write about them in the 'discussion' section.

To find out more information about the companies and individuals involved in these rankings, please go to the Experts page.

Anholt – Gfk City Brands Index Top 10

Position 2013 Position 2015
1 London Paris
2 Sydney London
3 Paris New York
4 New York Sydney
5 Rome Los Angeles
6 Washington D.C. Rome
7 Los Angeles Berlin
8 Toronto Amsterdam
9 Vienna Melbourne
10 Melbourne Washington D.C.

Anholt – Gfk City Brands Index Methodology

The Anholt-GfK City Brands Index (CBISM) measures the power and appeal of each city’s brand image. The study gives a holistic perspective of each city, looking at six key dimensions:

1. Presence: Based on the city's international status and standing and the global familiarity/knowledge of the city. It also measures the city's global contribution in science, culture and governance.

2. Place: Exploring people's perceptions about the physical aspect of each city in terms of pleasantness of climate, cleanliness of environment and how attractive its buildings and parks are.

3. Pre-requisites: Determines how people perceive the basic qualities of the city; whether they are satisfactory, affordable and accommodating, as well as the standard of public amenities such as schools, hospitals, transportation and sports facilities.

4. People: Reveals whether the inhabitants of the city are perceived as warm and welcoming, whether respondents think it would be easy for them to find and fit into a community that shares their language and culture and whether they would feel safe.

5. Pulse: Measures the perception that there are interesting things to fill free time with and how exciting the city is perceived to be in regard to new things to discover.

6. Potential: Measures the perception of economic and educational opportunities within the city, such as how easy it might be to find a job, whether it's a good place to do business or pursue a higher education.

Recently, the Anholt-GfK City Brands Index (CBI) measured the image and reputation of 50 cities. The table above provides top 10 City Brands according to Anholt-GfK ranking.

Resonance – World’s Best City Brands Top 10

Position 2017
1 London
2 Singapore
3 New York
4 Paris
5 Sydney
6 Amsterdam
7 Los Angeles
8 Tokyo
9 San Francisco
10 Toronto

Resonance – World’s Best City Brands Top 10 Methodology

In the World’s Best City Brands Ranking, Resonance ranks the world’s best city brands using a combination of statistical performance and qualitative evaluations by locals and visitors in 20 different areas that we have grouped into six core categories.

1. Place: Represents city’s perceived quality of a natural and built environment and atmosphere.

2. Programming: Represents arts, culture and entertainment programmes and events in a city.

3. Prosperity: Provides an information about employment, GDP per capita and corporate head offices in a city.

4. Product: The representation of key institution, attraction and infrastructure in a city.

5. People: Shows the immigration and diversity rate of a city.

6. Promotion: The identification of the number of articles, references, overviews and recommendations about a city which could be found online.

The Economist –The Global Liveability Ranking

Position 2017
1 Melbourne
2 Vienna
3 Vancouver
4 Toronto
5 Calgary
6 Adelaide
7 Perth
8 Auckland
9 Helsinki
10 Vancouver

The Economist –The Global Liveability Ranking Methodology

The Economist Intelligence Unit’s (EIU) created a Global Liveability Ranking, which is published annually. It ranks 140 cities around the world for their urban quality of life based on such factors as:

1. Stability

2. Healthcare

3. Culture and Environment

4. Education and Infrastructure

Monocle –The Most Liveable Cities Index

Position 2017
1 Tokyo
2 Vienna
3 Berlin
4 Munich
5 Melbourne
6 Copenhagen
7 Sydney
8 Zurich
9 Hamburg
10 Madrid

Monocle –The Most Liveable Cities Index

Monocle’s annual Quality of Life Survey provides the list of the liveable cities. To identify top 25 liveable cities are identifies by next factors:

1. Safety/Crime

2. International connectivity

3. Climate/Sunshine

4. Quality of architecture

5. Public transport

6. Tolerance

7. Environmental issues and access to nature

8. Urban design

9. Business Conditions

10. Pro-active policy developments

11. Medical care

Mercer – Mercer's Quality of Living Ranking

Position 2017
1 Vienna
2 Zurich
3 Auckland
4 Munich
5 Vancouver
6 Dusseldorf
7 Frankfurt
8 Geneva
9 Copenhagen
10 Basel

Mercer – Mercer's Quality of Living Ranking

Mercer’s Quality of Living Ranking evaluates living conditions and their aspects in more than 450 cities worldwide. These conditions are analysed according to 39 different factors which are grouped into 10 categories:

1. Political and social environment - includes such factors as rate of political stability, crime, law enforcement and other related factors which identify the political and social situation in each city.

2. Economic environment - identifies such factors as currency exchange regulations and banking services in a city.

3. Socio-cultural environments: includes such factors as media availability and censorship, limitation on personal freedom in a city.

4. Medical and health considerations - includes medical supplies and services, infectious diseases, sewage, waste disposal, air pollution and more related health and medical factors.

5. Schools and education - represents the overall standard and availability of international schools in each city.

6. Public services and transportation - includes electricity, water, public transport, traffic congestion and public services and transportation factors in each city.

7. Recreation - includes such factors as restaurants, theatres, cinemas, sports and leisure and related factors in each city.

8. Consumer goods - includes the availability of food/daily consumption items, cars and others within a city.

9. Housing - stands for rental housing, household appliances, furniture, maintenance services in a city.

10. Natural environment - stands for climate and record of natural disasters in a city.

The scores attributed to each factor from every category are weighted to reflect their importance to expatriates, with the main objective to identify the comparison between each city.

Momentum – City Momentum Index

Position 2017
1 Bangalore
2 Ho Chi Minh
3 Silicon Valley
4 Shanghai
5 Hyderabad
6 London
7 Austin
8 Hanoi
9 Boston
10 Nairobi

Momentum – City Momentum Index

The Index tracks the speed of change of a city's economy and commercial real estate market. It covers 134 major established and emerging business centre and identifies cities that have the potential to maintain the greatest dynamism over the short and long term. The rankings are based on 42 factors which are grouped into 3 main categories:

1. Short-Term Momentum - includes Economic Output, Retail Sales, Population, Air Connectivity, Corporate HQs, FDI.

2. Commercial Real Estate Momentum - includes Construction, Absorption, Rice, Offices, Retail, Hotels, Investment Transactions, Transparency.

3. Long-Term Fundamentals - includes Higher Education Infrastructure, Innovation Capability, International Patent Application, Technology Firms, Environmental Quality.

Institute for Urban Strategies/The Mori Memorial Foundation – Global Power City Index

Position 2017
1 London
2 New York
3 Tokyo
4 Paris
5 Singapore
6 Seoul
7 Hong Kong
8 Amsterdam
9 Berlin
10 Vienna

Institute for Urban Strategies/The Mori Memorial Foundation – Global Power City Index

The Global Power City Index created with the collaboration between Institute for Urban Strategies and The Mori Memorial Foundation for its research selects 44 world’s leading cities, so their global comprehensive power evaluated based on the following dimensions:

1. Economy

2. Research and Development

3.Cultural Interaction

4. Livability

5. Environment

6. Accessibility

Also, it identifies five main actors who lead the urban activities in their cities – Manager, Researcher, Artist, Visitor, and Resident), therefore providing complete views of the cities.

Reputation Institute – City RepTrak

Position 2016
1 Sydney
2 Vienna
3 Zurich
4 Toronto
5 Stockholm
6 Edinburgh
7 Montreal
8 Rome
9 Vancouver
10 Copenhagen

Reputation Institute – City RepTrak

City RepTrak is a global survey in which participates more than 23,000 consumers from the G8 countries, which ranks the world’s 56 most reputable cities based on such aspects as trust, esteem, admiration and respect. Perceptions regarding 13 aspects are grouped into 3 dimensions:

1. Advanced Economy – the economic environment and situation of a city.

2. Effective Government – the political situation and performance of a local government

3. Appealing Environment – the overall environment which makes the city appealing to make it the best place to live.

Cities with strong reputations are perceived positively in all three dimensions.

Bloom Consulting –The Digital City Index’17

1 London
2 Barcelona
3 Paris
4 Amsterdam
5 Rome
6 Berlin
7 Prague
8 Madrid
9 Munich
10 Vienna
1 London
2 Berlin
3 Paris
4 Barcelona
5 Amsterdam
6 Zurich
7 Rome
8 Madrid
9 Munich
10 Vienna

Bloom Consulting - Digital City Index 2017 Methodology

The Digital City Index complies the measurement of the total amount of searches performed by all worldwide citizens towards any given city. All thanks to a proprietary software called Digital Demand – D2© A Digital City is a city that has triggered proactive interest from different Stakeholders in the Digital world. This definition was presented by Bloom Consulting after determining through its own research and other sources such as Google Intelligence that today, when someone searches for information about a city, one of the main sources of information is a “search engine”. The act of “searching” can be triggered by something one may have read in a newspaper, heard in a conversation or simply out of curiosity.

The objective of this City Index is to provide the least subjective results possible, therefore the City Index Methodology is based solely on search volume in each of the 3 Dimensions;

- Tourism

- Investment

- Talent

Social Media is excluded from the analysis as this Index measures the “consequence,” not the “cause” of what has triggered the proactive interest towards any given city. So, the searches that are produced show the real appeal of the city.

Inside each Dimension there are 9 “Brandtag Families”

- Talent - Work, Live, Study

- Investment- Business Environment, Strategic Sectors, Socio Economics Factors

- Tourism- Generic Information, Accommodation, Touristic Information

Within these there are 112 “brandtags” that include nearly 140 million keyword combinations. All together, these are responsible for the collection of around 260 million valid search results.

The position of each city is determined by the total number of searches performed within each Dimension.

Using the Digital Demand – D2© software, Bloom Consulting applies a qualitative input to the data by attributing a maximum weight to each Dimension; therefore, if City A has 5 times more searches for Tourism than City B, but then has less searches in Talent then City A will not score higher in the Index.